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Parkinson's disease is a complex and clinically heterogeneous neurodegenerative phenome. It affects directly the part of the brain that controls muscle movement. Although there is unavailability of a drug to stop the disease progression, there are effective treatments for each stage of the condition. This is why, a well-done diagnosis and a good management is needed to ensure the best quality of life for the patient., Parkinson's is also the second most frequent neurodegenerative condition the first being Alzheimer’s disease and aging is its main risk factor. It is important to say, that the exact cause of the condition is not known.



  • Tremor. A shiver, or shaking, usually begins in a limb, often your hand or fingers. You may a rub your thumb and forefinger back-and-forth, known as a pill-rolling tremor. Your hand may tremor when it's at rest.

  • Slower movement Over time, Parkinson's disease may slow your movement, making simple tasks difficult and time-consuming. Your steps may become shorter when you walk. It may be difficult to get out of a chair. You may drag your feet as you try to walk.

  • Rigid muscles. Muscle stiffness may occur in any part of your body. The stiff muscles can be painful and limit your range of motion.

  • Impaired posture and balance. Your posture may become stooped, or you may have balance problems as a result of Parkinson's disease.

  • Loss of automatic movements. You may have a decreased ability to perform unconscious movements, including blinking, smiling or swinging your arms when you walk.

  • Speech alteration. You may speak softly, quickly, slur or hesitate before talking. Your speech may be more of a monotone rather than with the usual inflections.

  • Writing alteration. It may become hard to write, and your writing may appear small

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